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Traditional culture and entrepreneurship

American management scientist Chandler described the history of American business development in his book the visible hand, and proposed that the "visible hand" of "management" can replace the "invisible hand" of the market. "Modern industrial and commercial enterprises have become the most powerful organization in the American economy, and managers have become the most influential economic decision-making group. Therefore, in the United States, with the rise of modern industrial and commercial enterprises, the so-called manager capitalism has emerged."

the person who holds the power of this "visible hand" is what we call "entrepreneur". Whether major shareholders or professional managers, as long as they master the actual management decision-making authority of the enterprise, they can be called entrepreneurs. Therefore, for China now, the key new material enterprises can radiate the world industry, and the R & D investment accounts for more than 3% of the main business income. They can be divided into several categories:

first, the managers of state-owned enterprises, who hold the actual management rights of state-owned enterprises; The second is the professional managers of joint-stock companies, who also have the actual management right of the enterprise. Third, the bosses of private enterprises (or joint-stock enterprises with individual shares as the main body), who combine equity and management rights; Fourth, there are relatively few professional managers in private enterprises. They accept the authorization of major shareholders and master the operation and management rights of the enterprise

this "visible hand", which plays a decisive role in the prosperity of American enterprises, is difficult to fully play its role in the optimal allocation of resources in China. A famous professor pointed out that this is mainly due to the lack of "trust" in China, but why do professional managers in China lack this sense of trust

1. The difference between the goal of enterprises and personal wealth

except for state-owned enterprises, China's private enterprises have grown up in the environment of market competition. If the enterprise is regarded as just a means for individuals to get rich, it is far from true entrepreneurship. From the fact that Chinese enterprises are seeking the so-called "blue ocean" field without competition in the continuous speculation, it can be seen that wealth seems to have become the only goal pursued by entrepreneurs or managers. In other words, when an enterprise sees money and does it, it shows that the real role of entrepreneurs has not been played. If profit becomes the only goal of an enterprise, then in a social environment where values are mixed, it is conceivable what kind of enterprise and entrepreneurial spirit will be cultivated

2. The concept of investment income under the consciousness of small farmers

Coca Cola endured losses for more than ten years when entering the Chinese market, and finally opened the Chinese market. This is unbearable for Chinese investors. For Chinese investors who can further improve their competitiveness at this stage, few people can do projects that can recover their investment in more than a year. This rapid investment recovery concept directly affects the growth of Chinese enterprises. As a concept, it is obviously influenced by the concept of investment income formed under the traditional small-scale peasant economy

3. Lack of competitive consciousness

similarly, under the traditional culture of harmony, our enterprises lack real competitive consciousness, which is precisely the most important factor of entrepreneurship. In a culture without the awareness of fair competition, it is not easy to cultivate fair competition under the modern market economy. This lack of competitive awareness directly affects the competitiveness of Chinese enterprises

4. Speculation is not innovation

in China's traditional struggle, disobeying the rules can always benefit. In the study of the political thought of the traditional army wiping the steel plastic tube zigzag experimental machine clean, we cannot distinguish between wisdom and morality. Success without rules is often regarded as great wisdom. To take the simplest example, the spirit of "humiliating others" like Han Xin is regarded as a good talk. It is hard to imagine that this spirit will be praised by Americans or Japanese. Just as the Chinese cannot understand why Hamilton, the first US Treasury Secretary, decided to die, the Americans may not understand why the Chinese regard such a spineless man as a hero. In the business world, it is natural to regard the successful speculators as models. This speculation is fundamentally different from innovation. The innovation of enterprises is a purposeful and systematic investment, rather than looking for easy money making opportunities in the continuous transformation

trying to find a way out for enterprises in the inspiration of genius just makes Chinese enterprises fall into a mediocre routine. The narrow vision makes it impossible to find the law and future in the seemingly disordered competition. The irrationality of blaming competitors just reflects the lack of rational reflection itself. It is a tragedy for Chinese enterprises that they do not have enough vision to analyze and judge the future

the brave thinker may not be able to give the most correct answer, but the lazy thinker must not give the future of the enterprise. In the thinking of entrepreneurship, we need to have independent thinking to judge its future trend. This judgment cannot be very accurate, but this is a question that entrepreneurs must answer. (end)

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